世界上第一座哥特式教堂,你不得不知道的西方小知识

188bet官方网站

The Saint Denis Church near Paris was considered the first Gothic church for a long time. The church is named after St. Denis, who was the bishop of Paris. Because the classical times and medieval people often referred to the name of the place of birth or activity, Dini was also known as Dini of Paris.

In addition, medieval people often have Latin names, because Latin is a common language for a long time, is Mandarin, so we can see the Latin name of Dionysus.

212aa370-74a7-4cf7-b17f-794b86a28547

The first Gothic church

The bishop was around circa 250 AD and died in the persecution of Christianity by the Roman Emperor Desius. It is said that he picked up the chopped head, walked six kilometers to preach, and finally fell to a woman named Katulla, who buried him.

72eaaa01-f743-47d8-9761-7b4fb48aa587

So at the entrance to the left of Notre Dame de Paris, there is a statue of his head, a saint of Paris. Denny’s cemetery is in the church of St. Denis, and there are many French kings buried around it. So when the ruler of Louis XVII, the dean of the French King Louis VI, began to raise money for the restoration of the old church around 1125, he had reason to make the church more brilliant and beautiful.

In 1140, the new choir of the Saint Denis Abbey was laid on the ground. The first project to be renovated was the faade of the west. The image of the three doorways of the Syrian design was roughly in the central gate, and the threshold relief was the final judgment. The two side frames are taken from the "smart virgins and ignorant virgins" in Chapter 25 of《马太福音》. This layout later became a model for borrowing from Notre Dame and Amiens Cathedral.

6f18cce0-c813-4625-8d26-1a978461f799

xx右门口的门槛压花是为了保护Saint Saint-Denis,侧架是“月工”的一种解脱。左阈值的浮雕是歌手奇点的主题,因此无法判断内容。侧架也是“月工”。不幸的是,浮雕已经损坏,我们很难区分它的外观。

1d04d8b7-b018-43fc-b5de-a1ce64d05253

三个门口两侧的喇叭形侧壁有20个纵向列,中央门口两侧有8个,门口左侧和右侧有12个,代表旧约中的角色,创造了这一类别。第一个雕像。

圣丹尼斯教堂的建设

在内殿的建造过程中,特别是经过精心修改的回廊,其平面沿着教堂的后厅以径向分布,以使七个教堂不再像以前那样成为孤立的单元。墙被拆除,形成一个统一的空间。通过这种方式,“外部内殿径向小教堂的优雅修道院,经过一番心连心的改造,'接受光彩',这个美丽的风景隐藏在深处,总是沐浴在无比圣洁的彩色投射的美妙光芒中玻璃。

d55803e0-9bae-4093-95fd-7edb7c57d4b4

回廊的空间效果也反映在布置在热装置中的两排半圆柱体中的空间的分解中。那就是“代表12位使徒的12个主要圆柱体。圆柱体的另一面对应于12个子柱,用于代表12位先知。

d2d03233dc7444c6bdaacd0ff6525f59

在中世纪的隐喻系统中,基督要么是建筑物的第一个砖石建筑,要么是哥特式大教堂中的基石,是拱顶中心的拱顶,用于修复拱顶上的所有其他石块。石。圆筒代表使徒的理论首先来自圣奥古斯丁的口。这些圣丹尼斯教堂的柱子制作精美,细长的形状使得空间更加宽敞。

Rechte在评论叙利亚的扩建项目时指出,“叙利亚及其建筑师应该受到赞扬的品质是他们勇于尝试的精神。他们面临着一个非常具有挑战性的计划,即将变老。地下墓室与新建的后殿融为一体,内厅扩大,以刺激宗教情感。“

3df5dc98-d147-460c-8334-cd1a3f64b068

弗兰克赖特是一位以充分利用光线而闻名的美国建筑师,他认为哥特式建筑已经开发出了与特定文明相对应的全面而深入的石材。他说:“哥特式大教堂的出现是一块石头,表达了影响人类思维的最后一波创造。这种高贵的材料变得像海洋一样充满活力,如汹涌的波浪和飞扬的泡沫一般都会上升。”

圣丹尼斯站起来,在1140-1220之间,新的大教堂出现了,首先是Nouyon,Sanli,然后是Notre Dame,Laon,Chartres,Lance,Amiens和Beauvais。太多了。然后传播到德国,大教堂的时代即将来临。

0c2ccae6-8b7d-4c58-8dd8-0f04decdf617

《范景中讲西方艺术史》从艺术到文明的大师班,站在大师的肩膀上,跟随范敬忠的眼睛,从更广阔的领域中了解艺术。从最初的洞穴壁画到后印象派的100集课程,范敬忠为您带来300多件世界艺术杰作,熟悉100多位艺术大师,阐明了3万年的西方艺术背景,并回归艺术背后的文明场景。

音频库是中国着名的音频平台,共有5.3亿用户选择。